A new hot topic for conversation has come along recently – that of children’s birthday parties.  All the kids in my little group of Mummy friends are turning 4 this year and suddenly there seems to be more pressure to throw a proper party!  With the children all now being at nursery school we seem to have entered a new stage with these kind of things.  As soon as that first invitation came home in a school bag the bar was set.  Venues have been booked.  Bouncy castles have been hired.  Piles of fairy cakes have been baked!

When it came to Rhys’ birthday we felt quite strongly that he would just be overwhelmed by a big party.  So instead we made a real fuss of him and made his birthday a special day for him and the family.  Then we had a small group of friends that he’s known almost his whole life round for a play and some cake.  I’m so happy that we made that decision.

We’ve been to a few of the other parties this year; they have been a lot of fun and Rhys has enjoyed himself.  At one particular party recently he had a great time, bouncing like crazy on the bouncy castle and running around.  Most of the other children there were the same, bouncing off the walls both literally and figuratively.  It would be easy to make the assumption that they were all buzzing with a sugar high from party food.  Except, I knew that Rhys hadn’t really had any party food.  He has never been that fussed about that part of birthday parties – he’d always rather just carry on playing!  So I was really interested to see this ‘sugar high’ issue being discussed in the news recently.


Professor David Benton (one of my professors from University!) spoke at the Cheltenham Science Festival recently about how sugary party foods don’t actually make our children hyperactive.  He instead explains that, “Sugar doesn’t make children hyperactive, parents do. They overreact when told their children have just eaten sugar, anticipating a problem and putting them on a much shorter rein. They see what they are expecting to see.”

Ahh, I do love a good self fulfilling prophecy!

Now, I’m sure there are some children that are really affected by sugar.  Most likely those who hardly ever have any in their regular diet.  So when they do get a hit of it, their little bodies aren’t used to processing it and they do get a bit wired.  But, personally, I’m right behind the good professor on this one.  I think a lot of the time it is our expectations as parents that skews the way we interpret our children’s behaviour.

I think that it’s been drummed into us for so long that sugar is bad for us and it makes our children hyper that we now believe it without question.  So when we take them to a party and they have a plate of fairy cakes and party rings, or when it’s Christmas time and they’ve been allowed a bit more chocolate than normal, we expect them to get a bit more hyper than normal.  So if they do start to act a bit loopy we automatically blame the sugar, when really their behaviour is probably down to a mixture of other factors.

Rhys, for example, gets really loopy when he’s tired.  He will run around like crazy, fighting the tiredness with everything he’s got!  I remember one Christmas though, he’d had two, maybe three, chocolates from the bowl on the table, and was running around his grandparents house.  Someone commented then that he probably shouldn’t have any more chocolate, implying that the reason behind his extra energy was what he’d eaten.  I replied that he was actually just tired from all the excitement of the day, and that he often seems to get a real second-wind when that happens.  I’m not sure they believed me though!

My thoughts on all this?  It all comes down to knowing your own children, and being aware of your expectations of them.  I know that if Rhys is getting a bit over-excited at a party it’s most likely to be because he’s getting tired and maybe a bit overwhelmed by all the activity.  I know it won’t be because he’s eaten too much sugar!

What are your thoughts and experiences with this?  Do you think that Professor Benton is right, or do you believe that, for your child at least, sugar creates a little bit of hyper behaviour? 


I learnt a new word today.  I might be the only person who didn’t know this, but there’s a word for those bloody irritating songs that get stuck in your head – earworms!  How brilliant is that?!

Earworms affect all of us at some point, I mean, who hasn’t had a catchy pop song stuck in their head?  Or worse, the song from the Hive advert.  You know the one, where the guy singing it just sounds a little too pleased with himself?

These are all annoying enough.  And then you become a parent.  And you start having kids TV on during the day.  And then you find yourself lying in bed with the perfect slumber party song from Sofia the first going round and round in your head.  Or the ‘make some noise‘ song.  Or ‘roll up the map‘ from Jake and the Neverland pirates.

Yeah, we watch a lot of Disney junior in our house!  For the Cbeebies families out there, how about the theme tune from ‘Something special’?  Or, oh God, the spring time song!

You hate me a little bit now don’t you, for putting those songs in your head?  Well I’m about to make it all better – apparently there’s a way to get them out again!


According to a study carried out at the University of Reading, getting rid of earworms is as easy as chewing gum!

Dr Philip Beaman from the University explains that the brain’s tendency to play catchy tunes on repeat might be ‘a form of involuntary musical memory’.  The key word here is ‘involuntary’, which is why you can’t just will away a song when it’s stuck in your head.  What you can do though is interfere with the playing of these musical recollections.

Previous studies have shown that repeating a random word over and over again in your head can degrade your short-term memory; doing this while looking at list of words has been found to make most people forget 1/3 to 1/2 of the words on the list!

The study at the University of Reading suggests that chewing gum has a similar effect.  It disrupts the musical memory enough to get that damn song out of your head.

Well, it has to be worth a try right?!


“For children play is serious learning.  Play is really the work of childhood” – Fred Rogers

It’s now well established that play is incredibly important to children and their development.  In fact, it’s so important that it’s been recognised as a human right for every child by the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights.

I love watching my children play.

Waiting to see what toys they’ll make a beeline for at playgroup.  Seeing the different ways they decide to play with them.

Recently I’ve noticed Rhys getting much more creative in his play.  He’s had a play kitchen for a few years and has always liked ‘cooking’ with it, but his pretend play has definitely changed in the last few months.  He’ll play with a few soft toys now, coming up with scenarios for them and making all the different toys ‘talk’.

It’s fascinating to watch and I love seeing that creative, imaginative side of him!

Which makes me think about what I can do to encourage him to continue this pretend play and to introduce it to Nerys.


After doing some research I’ve come up with these three suggestions for how I can encourage my children to engage in pretend play, and the benefits of it for them:

Provide props, suggest several uses and encourage open-ended play

One of the big things we can do to encourage our children to engage in pretend play is to provide them with the necessary props.  This can be as elaborate as buying or making them a whole play kitchen, complete with toy food and pots and pans, or it can be as simple as gathering their soft toys and some sheets of paper so they can play ‘schools’!The main point here is to provide props so that the play is open ended.  Let the child make the decisions about how exactly they’ll use the items provided and what scenarios they want to act out.  Psychological studies have found that this type of play promotes creative problem solving skills.  One study in particular, by Wyver and Spence (1999) suggested that there is a causal connection between pretend play and a child’s ability to solve divergent problems (these are problems that have several possible outcomes, as opposed to a convergent problem which only has one correct answer).

Wyver and Spence (1999) found that children who were encouraged to participate in pretend play, and who were shown how to do so, then showed an increased ability to solve divergent problems.  Interestingly, they also found that children who were trained in solving divergent problems then showed increased rates of pretend play!

So perhaps if you have a child who really isn’t interested in pretend play you can encourage them to look at divergent problems with you and discuss possible solutions; this may in turn lead them to naturally show more of an interest in pretend play.  You might have an empty box, that another child would naturally grab and turn into a racing car.  

If your child doesn’t seem interested in using the box for pretend play you could try and spark their creativity by discussing with them all the different ways you could use the box and encourage them to come up with as many suggestions of their own as they can!

Introduce a play mate

At the moment Rhys seems to particularly like engaging in pretend play by himself.  I’m very conscious of the fact that I need to encourage him to play co operatively with other children.  I really need to set up some after-school play dates!

Playing with other children can be hugely beneficial.  Watching another child engaged in pretend play can give your child ideas of how to play himself.  By observing they can learn how a certain toy or prop could be used.

Engaging in pretend play with other children is also important for a child’s social skills and has the added benefit of increasing their ability to self-regulate (their impulses, emotions and attention).  A study by Lillard et al (2013) found that children who frequently engage in pretend play with other children have stronger self-regulation skills.  

Which does seem to be logical; after all, if you’re pretend playing with another child you both have to agree about what pretend things you’re doing and how you’re playing!  

The children have to learn to conform to a set of rules and the researchers suggest that practising conforming to rules like this could help children to develop better self-control and self-regulation over time.

Talk about the things you do as an adult and encourage them to copy you.

A lot of children will naturally want to copy what their parents are doing, grabbing a brush to help you clean up or making dinner in their play kitchen.

If you’re child doesn’t instinctively do these things you can encourage them by talking about the things you’re doing and then offering them tools to play alongside you.  So if you’re cooking dinner you could give your child a few bowls and spoons and dry pasta to mix up and transfer from bowl to bowl.

This kind of ‘real-life’ play has been found to help prepare children for actual real life challenges.  A study by Lancy in 2008 found that children all round the world engage in play activities that mimic the kinds of things they’ll be doing as adults.  The study also found that when older children or adults engage in the play with them and use that opportunity to teach them about the activities the children do take that information in, showing that children really do learn through play!

Do you think these tips are helpful?  Does your child naturally seem to enjoy pretend play?  I’d love to hear about the kinds of pretend play they enjoy!  


Over the last week or two Nerys has started to sign ‘please’ and ‘thank you’.  This makes me stupidly happy.  Like, a bit more happy than I feel it really should?!

A big part of this happiness comes from the simple pleasure of watching her grow and learn and start to really communicate with us.  But another huge part of it is that it really is important to me that my children are polite and say ‘please’ and ‘thank you’.


I’ve written a few posts recently about focusing on the good things in our lives and how feeling and expressing gratitude is good for our mental and physical health.  I do want my kids to be grateful for things partly for that reason, I think they’ll be happier people if they appreciate everything they have and things other people do for them.

Interestingly though, a study carried out in 2010 by Grant and Gino (published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology) found that saying thank you also has a positive effect on the person being thanked.  When we say ‘thank you’ to people it can strengthen our relationship with them, let them know that we value what they’ve done for us and, apparently, can also make them more likely to help us again in the future.

In the study a group of participants were asked to give feedback on a cover letter for a job application for a made-up student.  When the student then asked for more feedback a day or two later, 66% of the participants agreed when he wrote a ‘thankful’ email, compared to just 32% of participants who agreed when he wrote the request in a ‘neutral’ tone.  That’s quite a dramatic increase; seeming to prove that we are in fact much more likely to help people again in the future if they express their gratitude for the things we do for them.

The researchers looked into this further and found that the reason we’re more likely to help those who thank us again is that the ‘thank you’ makes us feel that our help was appreciated, that we’re needed and that it makes us feel more socially valued.  It seems that hearing the words ‘thank you’ helps us feel reassured that our help is valued, which in turn motivates us to provide more help in the future.

So, teaching Rhys and Nerys to say ‘thank you’ will have positive effects on them and those that they’re interacting with!

Besides, it’s just the right thing to do isn’t it?!  If someone does something for you, or gives you something, it’s just polite to acknowledge it with a thank you.  And it does seem to brighten the postman’s day when he hands Rhys our post and gets a very enthusiastic ‘thank you’ back!

Do you agree?  Do you think it’s important to teach your children to say ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ at an early age?  I’d love to know what other people think!


I know I dreamt last night.  I’ve had a nagging feeling all day that there was something significant about the dream.  I can’t for the life of me remember what the dream was about!

All of which has led to me browsing the internet, reading all sorts of fascinating things about dreams.

Of all of the random facts I found, these five are my favourites:

 5 random facts about dreaming

1) Toddlers don’t star in their own dreams till they are about 3-4 years old.I hadn’t heard this before, but apparently we don’t start to feature in our own dreams until we’re 3 or 4 years old. Interestingly, this is around the same age that we start to really develop a theory of mind, although I don’t know if the two things are actually connected!


2) Every person in your dreams is someone you’ve encountered in your waking life

Your dreams might be full of people that you don’t know, but your sleeping brain hasn’t just made them up!  They’re all people that you’ve come across in your waking life.  Which I guess is why sometimes you dream of someone that you don’t know, but they seem really familiar to you, because you have actually encountered them in real life you just don’t necessarily remember it happening!


3) Men and women dream differently

Research has shown that men and women generally have different types of dreams.  Men tend to have dreams that are more violent and aggressive than women’s dreams.  Also, about 70% of the people in men’s dreams are other men, whereas women dream about men and women equally.


4) You can’t read or tell the time while dreaming

I found this one really interesting!  I’m also a bit frustrated that I couldn’t find any studies to back the statement up, but it was a fact that popped up several times when I was researching dreams.  Apparently hardly any of us are able to read or tell the time in our dreams!

People report that, when they try and read, the text jumps around or the letters are all mixed up and not forming proper words.  And when they try to tell the time they find that the clock tells a different time whenever they look at it, and that the hands don’t seem to be moving.

I can’t remember ever trying to read something or tell the time in a dream, but it’s something I’ll be looking out for in the future!


5) Weird sensory experiences are really common in dreams

I was quite pleased to find this fact, because I often have dreams where I’m moving really slowly, or I try and scream and no sound comes out, and I thought this was a bit odd.  But it turns out this sort of thing is really common! Feeling like you’re falling and being unable to control your body’s movements are also often reported.

I find the whole process of dreaming fascinating and love looking at the dreams that I can remember and seeing if I can make any sense of them!  There are definitely a few themes that pop up quite regularly in my dreams and I’m planning on doing a bit of research and writing about them and what they mean soon.



The List

At the start of April I wrote this post about whether or not the grass is really greener on the other side of the fence. It’s really easy to look at other people’s lives and think that they have it so much better than we do, or that we would be so much happier if we only had that thing, or lost that weight.

What we need to be doing is focusing our attention on all the good things we already have.  What you focus on expands, so if you put your energy into noticing all the good things in your life, then more good things will come along!  And it seems that paying attention to the beautiful things in the world around us can also help protect our health.

All of which makes me even more determined to spend time noticing and appreciating all the good things around me!  I’m still posting under #mygrassisgreen on Facebook and Twitter for the rest of the month – I’d love to see other people use that hashtag if you want to join in!

I also think that, as parents, we have a fantastic opportunity to experience these positive emotions, including awe, on a regular basis.  All we need to do is stop, get down on our children’s level and try to see the world through their eyes.  The whole world is new, exciting and awe-inspiring to young children.  We just need to reconnect with that way of looking at things!

So this Spring and Summer I’m planning on being even more mindful when I’m out with my children, taking time as we walk round the park to stop and admire all the beautiful flowers and all the other wonders nature has to offer.

It’s good for our health after all!

A recent study by Stellar et al. has found that positive emotions like amusement, joy, love and, especially, awe are linked to lower levels of inflammatory cytokines.  I have to be honest here, when I first read about the study I didn’t know what inflammatory cytokines were but from what the internet tells me they’re proteins in the body that “make disease worse by producing fever, inflammation, tissue destruction and in some cases even shock and death”.

The study asked 200 people to report their emotions and took a swab from their cheeks to measure their levels of these cytokines.  Those who reported feeling positive emotions such as amusement, joy, love and awe were found to have lower levels of inflammatory cytokines; with awe having a particularly strong association.

It seems that looking at the world from a perspective of curiosity and wonder can help to protect us from physical and mental illnesses such as depression, which is shown to be linked to higher levels of inflammatory cytokines.

Dr Dacher Keltner, one of the study’s authors, said:

“That awe, wonder and beauty promote healthier levels of cytokines suggests that the things we do to experience these emotions — a walk in nature, losing oneself in music, beholding art — have a direct influence upon health and life expectancy.”

An email that I received recently informed me that it was ‘The grass is always browner on the other side of the fence day’.

I didn’t even know this special day existed, but it did get me thinking.

The whole point of the day is to go against the traditional view that the grass is always greener on the other side and to remind us to be grateful and happy for what we have, rather than wishing for what other people have.  It’s so easy to think that our lives would be better if we had this or could do that, it’s important to stop and remind ourselves how good we actually already have it!

But what is it that makes us feel that there is something better or something ‘more’ out there than what we have?

Is the grass really greener_


One theory is that how much this ‘grass is greener’ thing effects us depends on whether we have an internal or external locus of control.

People with an internal locus of control will tend to look at other people’s successes in life and be aware that they have the power to make changes to get the same things if that’s what they want.  People with an external locus of control, on the other hand, will think very differently about it.

Psychologist Sue Firth explains that “external thinkers believe that they can’t control their destiny and blame other forces – such as circumstances or people – that prevent them getting there. These are most likely the ones who feel life’s not fair.”

So it seems that we can help get ourselves out of this way of thinking by realising that we are in charge of our own lives.  If this is something you really struggle with then you could talk with a therapist online to work through any issues you might have with not feeling in control of your life.  There is a lot of power in realising that if we really want to make changes in our lives then we can.


I know I’m guilty of this ‘grass is greener’ thinking at times, so what exactly can we do to stop thinking like this and realise that our grass is already pretty green?


Here are some ideas that might help:

Make a note of the good

Every day for a month, write down 2 or 3 good things about your life or that happened to you that day.  As the saying goes, what you focus on expands, so by paying attention to the good in your life, you’ll start to see more and more good things.


Be grateful

Adding on to the idea of noting down good things in  your life, you can also write down things that you’re grateful for.  You could even go so far as to writing letters to people to tell them how grateful you are for what they have brought to your life (you don’t have to actually send the letters, it’s the act of writing them that matters).


Remember the saying “better the devil you know”

Keep in mind that, while you may have problems as least they are your problems, and they may pale into insignificance compared to what other people are facing.


You don’t know what goes on behind closed doors

People tend to present an ideal version of their lives, especially in the world of Facebook and Instagram.  It’s really easy to see a friend’s photos and statuses and wish you had their life, with the big house and expensive holidays.  What you might not see is that they can afford these things because she and her husband both work really long hours, are lucky if they see their children for half an hour before bedtime and that the holidays they take once year are the only times they really get to spend any time together.


Ask yourself – what is it that you really want?

Do you really want what’s on the other side of the fence?  When we’re feeling a bit fed up with things it can be easy to think ‘I’d be much happier if I just had a different job/a bigger house/ a flatter tummy’.  When you find yourself starting to go down that road, take some time to really think about it.  Would you actually be happier in a completely different job?  Would having a bigger house make you happier, with all the extra rooms to clean?!


It might be that what you really want isn’t a new job, it’s the flexible hours that the other job offers you that you want.  Or that you don’t really need a bigger house, you just need to declutter all your ‘stuff’ and use your current home more efficiently.

What do you think?  Are you guilty of always looking longingly at the other side of the fence, or do you generally feel that your grass is actually pretty nice and green?!

Disclaimer: this is a collaborative post